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## ground rods

on the 1/19/2012 episode the electrician placed the ground rods six feet apart in a series connection a parallel connection would be better

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## Re: ground rods

They were trying to icrease the disbursement of the ground path, if connected in paralell the distance is only the effective lenghth of both rods, series would double the length, if the ground rods in series were 12' and say 4 feet apart then the effective ground path would be 12x2 pluss the 4' connection giving a 28' effective length, which is plenty adaquate under new codes.

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## Re: ground rods

Originally Posted by rtirwin
on the 1/19/2012 episode the electrician placed the ground rods six feet apart in a series connection a parallel connection would be better
According to what or whom?

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## Re: ground rods

Originally Posted by brrichter
According to what or whom?
electricity always takes the path of least resistance if a power surge hits ground rods in series the first rod will take the bulk of the hit if rods are parallel ( rods 6' apart with #2 copper connecting them and #4 copper going from meter base to the center of the #2 copper connecting the rods ) the surge will be dissipated evenly between the two rods provided the ground resistance is equal at both rods

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## Re: ground rods

Both ways would work, but which is better depends on the situation, and the interpretation of the code gets complicated at times, I always present local inspector with the options and let him choose which way he wants ground, most times it is 12'x1/2" solid copper driven vertically in the earth, at the meter base, now I have run into inspectors who want 2 or 3 rods at least 4' apart. I have done quite a few direct burial of rods and always run them in an "s" pattern. In new modern homes there is little to ground to, I have connected to foundation grounds if they had them or to copper water water line, plus at least 1 enternal ground rod, when I started as an apprentice code was #10 copper to the water line thats all, most homes now have pvc/pex plumbing and gas mains which are not conductive. So each situation is different, if your doing a panel swap some inspectors want everything up to 2012 nec, some do not because it has adaquate ground already. Good Luck !

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## Re: ground rods

It is a parallel connection. If it was a series connection, the the wire between the ground rods would have to be tied to the bottom of one of the rods. You are confusing multi point (aka daisy chain) vs home run with series parallel. The electrician daisy chained the ground rods instead of running a separate wire from the meter base to each ground rod.

If the same gauge wire were used for a home run, then there would be the advantage of an effectively larger conductor, but if it were dome in a home run configuration, I would expect that the electrician would use smaller gauge wire to save money. It would just have to meet the current carrying capacity required by the codes.

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## Re: ground rods

someone needs to read the ( lineman and cablemans handbook ) by Kurts

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